UTERINE ARTERY DOPPLER INDICES AS PREDICTIVE MEASURES FOR THE PRE-ECLAMPSIA AND INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION
Keywords:Pre-eclampsia, Intrauterine growth restriction, Uterine artery Doppler ultrasonography, hypertension, pregnancy
Preeclampsia and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) remains as the important causes for the neonatal and maternal complications leading to even death in some cases. Uterine artery Doppler USG can be done transvaginally or trans abdominal and performed in the 1st or 2nd trimester of the pregnancy to detect these complications Doppler waveform suggested the high vascular resistance to blood flow. In our present study, we conclude uterine artery Doppler indices as prognostic procedure for the preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. A cross-sectional survey design with convenient sampling technique was used. Mixture of standardized and self-modified structured questionnaire was undertaken to determine the indices of pre eclampsia and IUGR by uterine artery. The data was collected from Bahria International Hospital, Lahore during the period of 9 months. This study was included 162 pregnant females with identification of the main uterine artery on a longitudinal scan lateral to the uterus. Initial diastolic notch of right and left side of the uterine artery waveforms was recorded. At every antenatal checkup, urine was tested for protein and blood pressure readings were taken to identify preeclampsia. Further analysis was done dividing patients as normotensive and those patients developing hypertension after 30 weeks of gestation. After delivery neonates observed for IUGR by head circumference and body weight. The study was concluded that from the total sample size of 162 pregnant females who undergoes uterine artery Doppler, 34% females shows diastolic notch and almost all of these later diagnosed with preeclampsia and 19.8% deliver babies with IUGR. So, based on the study, we have concluded that uterine artery Doppler is helpful to provide diagnosis of preeclampsia and IUGR in early pregnancy.
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