• M ATIF Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan
  • F AHMAD School of Food Sciences and Technology, Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan
  • MT MANZOOR Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • K GILANI Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore Pakistan
  • Q ALI Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan
  • M SARWAR Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan
  • S ANJUM Department of Botany, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • MW ALAM Department of Plant Pathology, University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan
  • A HUSSAIN Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • N RAFAQAT Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan



ChiLCD, Diversity, Geminiviruses, Mutation, Phylogenetic analysis


 Since a few decades ago, the pandemic of the Chilli Leaf Curl Disease Complexes (ChiLCD) has caused
enormous alarm. The investigations of various genomes isolated from various regions of the subcontinent in the
current study revealed a vast expansion of ChiLCD. According to evolutionary research, genomes from the pepper
leaf curl Lahore virus (PepLCLV) (JN880419 and JX524173) and the pepper leaf curl Bangladesh virus (PepLCBV)
(DQ116881 and KY420149) are ancestors while others are descendants. The accessions JN880419, JX524173,
DQ116881, and KY420149's sequences underwent evolution, giving rise to several strains and variations.
According to the findings, the Indian subcontinent's chilli crop may be most severely affected by the extremely
aggressive ChiLCV.


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