• A Aftab Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • MA Haider Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Q Ali Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • A Malik Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan



Coriandrum sativum, salt stress, genetic advance, heritability, seedling traits, root length, shoot length


The Coriandrum is most important among the herb which is used as an ingredient in daily human food. It contains a good amount of antioxidants and health improving ingredients that save human body cells from diseases. It is very sensitive for abiotic environmental stress conditions involving drought, heat, and salt stress as important stress conditions. For this purpose, a study was planned to conduct in the greenhouse of the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore to determine the effects of salt stress on Coriandrum seedling growth. For our study we have selected four Coriandrum varieties viz., GAMZE, EAGLE, SUPER XO, and PAK-ORG. The results revealed that there were significant differences among the treatments of NaCl concentrations, Coriandrum genotypes, and the interactions among the Coriandrum genotypes and salt concentrations applied. The average Coriandrum seedling length was recorded as 23.021±1.2026cm while root length was recorded as 22.0128±1.0027cm. The genotype GAMZE showed higher root and shoot length which indicated that GAMZE was a higher salt-tolerant genotype and may be used as a salt-tolerant genotype to improve yield per plant in Coriandrum. The genotype EAGLE has shown poor performance for all of the studied traits which indicated that it was a salt-sensitive Coriandrum genotype. The genetic advance and heritability were found higher for all of the studied traits. The significant correlation between shoot length and root length indicated that the genotypes grow longer roots under stress conditions to increase the shoot length of plants while survive under stressful environmental conditions. The selection of Coriandrum genotype on the basis of root length and shoot length may be useful to improve slat stress tolerance in Coriandrum genotypes for higher seed and green plant biomass yield.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdollahi, F., Salehi, A., Shahabi, R., and Rahimi, A. (2016). Effect of different nitrogen sources on vegetative traits, grain yield and essential oil yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova 49, 51-65.

Aissaoui, A., El-Hilaly, J., Israili, Z. H., and Lyoussi, B. (2008). Acute diuretic effect of continuous intravenous infusion of an aqueous extract of Coriandrum sativum L. in anesthetized rats. Journal of ethnopharmacology 115, 89-95.

Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Ali, F., Aslam, M., Khan, N. H., Munzoor, M., Mustafa, H. S. B., and Muhammad, S. (2013). Heritability, heterosis and heterobeltiosis studies for morphological traits of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Advancements in Life sciences 1.

Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Kanwal, N., Ali, F., Ali, A., Ahmed, W., Ishfaq, M., and Saleem, M. (2016). Screening for drought tolerance: comparison of maize hybrids under water deficit condition. Advancements in Life Sciences 3, 51-58.

Ali, Q., Ali, A., Waseem, M., Muzaffar, A., Ahmad, S., Ali, S., Awan, M., Samiullah, T., Nasir, I., and Tayyab, H. (2014). Correlation analysis for morpho-physiological traits of maize (Zea mays L.). Life Science Journal 11, 9-13.

Ali, S. S., Kasoju, N., Luthra, A., Singh, A., Sharanabasava, H., Sahu, A., and Bora, U. (2008). Indian medicinal herbs as sources of antioxidants. Food research international 41, 1-15.

Bilal, M., Nasir, I., Tabassum, B., Akrem, A., Ahmad, A., and Ali, Q. (2020). Cytotoxicity and in-vitro antiviral activity of lectin from Crocus vernus l. against potato virus Y. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 18, 1301-1315.

Coşkuner, Y., and Karababa, E. (2007). Physical properties of coriander seeds (Coriandrum sativum L.). Journal of Food Engineering 80, 408-416.

Dadiga, A., Kadwey, S., and Prajapati, S. (2015). Influences of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on growth, yield attributed traits and yield economic of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cv JD-1. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 49, 577-580.

Dash, S. K., Pathak, M., Tripathy, L., and Barik, S. (2019). Studies on effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield attributes in radish (Raphanus sativus L.) and its residual effect in coriander (Coriandrum Sativum L.) in radish-coriander cropping sequence. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8, 319-322.

Diederichsen, A. (1996). "Coriander: Coriandrum Sativum L," Bioversity International.

Eguale, T., Tilahun, G., Debella, A., Feleke, A., and Makonnen, E. (2007). In vitro and in vivo anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of Coriandrum sativum against Haemonchus contortus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110, 428-433.

Evans, W. (2002). Trease and Evans: Pharmacognocy. Fifteenth International Edition. Edinburgh, London, New York: WB Saunders.

Godara, A., Gupta, U., Lal, G., and Singh, R. (2014). Influence of organic and inorganic source of fertilizers on growth, yield and economics of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Int J Seed Spice 4, 77-80.

Gruenwalded, J. (2004). PDR-HM Physicians’ desk reference for herbal medicine. Medical Economics. NJ 8, 378-84.

Handa, S., and Kaul, M. K. (1996). Supplement to cultivation and utilization of medicinal plants.

Hnamte, V., Chatterjee, R., and Tania, C. (2013). Growth, flowering, fruit setting and maturity behaviour of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) with organics including biofertilizers and inorganics. The bioscan 8, 791-793.

Ikeura, H., and Kobayashi, F. (2015). Antimicrobial and antifungal activity of volatile extracts of 10 herb species against Glomerella cingulata. Journal of Agricultural Science 7, 77.

Jamali, M. M. (2012). Investigate the effect of drought stress and different amount of chemical fertilizers on some physiological characteristics of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 3, 585-589.

Kansal, L., Sharma, V., Sharma, A., Lodi, S., and Sharma, S. (2011). Protective role of Coriandrum sativum (coriander) extracts against lead nitrate induced oxidative stress and tissue damage in the liver and kidney in male mice. Int J Appl Biol Pharm Technol 2, 65-83.

Khan, M. R., and Parveen, G. (2018). Supplementing biocontrol agents with botanicals improved growth and yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) infected with Protomyces macrosporus Unger. Current Plant Biology 15, 44-50.

Laribi, B., Kouki, K., M'Hamdi, M., and Bettaieb, T. (2015). Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents. Fitoterapia 103, 9-26.

Malhotra, S., Vashishtha, B., and Apparao, V. (2006). Influence of nitrogen, Azospirillum sp. and farmyard manure on growth, yield and inci-dence of stem gall disease in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops 15, 115-117.

Mandal, S., and Mandal, M. (2015). Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: Chemistry and biological activity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 5, 421-428.

Matasyoh, J., Maiyo, Z., Ngure, R., and Chepkorir, R. (2009). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Coriandrum sativum. Food Chemistry 113, 526-529.

Matloup, O., Abd El Tawab, A., Hassan, A., Hadhoud, F., Khattab, M., Khalel, M., Sallam, S., and Kholif, A. (2017). Performance of lactating Friesian cows fed a diet supplemented with coriander oil: feed intake, nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, blood chemistry, and milk production. Animal Feed Science and Technology 226, 88-97.

Mazhar, T., Ali, Q., and Malik, M. (2020). Effects of salt and drought stress on growth traits of Zea mays seedlings. Life Science Journal 17.

Mehta, R., Anwer, M., Malhotra, S., Lal, G., Aishwath, O., Meena, S., Kant, K., and Khan, M. (2011). Growth and yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L)) as affected by sheep manure, vermi-compost and bio-fertilizer. International J. Seed Spices 1, 22-28.

Mir, H. (1992). Coriandrum sativum. Application of plants in prevention and treatment of illnesses. Persian 1, 257-52.

Mohammadipour, N., and Souri, M. K. (2019). Beneficial effects of glycine on growth and leaf nutrient concentrations of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition 42, 1637-1644.

Msaada, K., Hosni, K., Taarit, M. B., Chahed, T., Kchouk, M. E., and Marzouk, B. (2007). Changes on essential oil composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) fruits during three stages of maturity. Food Chemistry 102, 1131-1134.

Ovais, M., Zia, N., Ahmad, I., Khalil, A. T., Raza, A., Ayaz, M., Sadiq, A., Ullah, F., and Shinwari, Z. K. (2018). Phyto-therapeutic and nanomedicinal approaches to cure alzheimer’s disease: present status and future opportunities. Frontiers in aging neuroscience 10, 284.

Pandey, A., Bigoniya, P., Raj, V., and Patel, K. (2011). Pharmacological screening of Coriandrum sativum Linn. for hepatoprotective activity. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied sciences 3, 435.

Panngom, K., Chuesaard, T., Tamchan, N., Jiwchan, T., Srikongsritong, K., and Park, G. (2018). Comparative assessment for the effects of reactive species on seed germination, growth and metabolisms of vegetables. Scientia Horticulturae 227, 85-91.

Pharmacopoeia, B. (2005). The Stationary Office on behalf of the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), London, Vol-I. Ph. Eur. monograph 1002.

Rahman, M. A., Rahman, I., and Hasegawa, H. (2009). Dietary intake of potentially toxic elements from vegetables. Fruit and vegetable consumption and health.

Ramadan, M., and Mörsel, J.-T. (2002). Oil composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) fruit-seeds. European Food Research and Technology 215, 204-209.

Ramadan, M. F., Kroh, L. W., and Mörsel, J.-T. (2003). Radical scavenging activity of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.), coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), and niger (Guizotia abyssinica Cass.) crude seed oils and oil fractions. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 51, 6961-6969.

Rebey, I. B., Wannes, W. A., Kaab, S. B., Bourgou, S., Tounsi, M. S., Ksouri, R., and Fauconnier, M. L. (2019). Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Pimpinella anisum L. accessions at different ripening stages. Scientia horticulturae 246, 453-461.

Rondon, F. C., Bevilaqua, C. M., Accioly, M. P., Morais, S. M., Andrade-Junior, H. F., Machado, L. K., Cardoso, R. P., Almeida, C. A., Queiroz-Junior, E. M., and Rodrigues, A. C. M. (2011). In vitro effect of Aloe vera, Coriandrum sativum and Ricinus communis fractions on Leishmania infantum and on murine monocytic cells. Veterinary Parasitology 178, 235-240.

Saeed, S., and Tariq, P. (2007). Antimicrobial activities of Emblica officinalis and Coriandrum sativum against gram positive bacteria and Candida albicans. Pak. J. Bot 39, 913-917.

Sahu, R. L., Sahu, H., and Kumar, S. (2014). Effect of application of inorganic fertilizers and biofertilizers on growth components and yield traits of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Progressive Horticulture 46, 102-106.

Sankaranarayanan, K., Nalayini, P., and Praharaj, C. (2012). Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitablity and sustainablity of Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) production system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 82, 1044-50.

Sen, G., Mukhopadhyay, S., Ray, M., and Biswas, T. (2008). Quercetin interferes with iron metabolism in Leishmania donovani and targets ribonucleotide reductase to exert leishmanicidal activity. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 61, 1066-1075.

Shafique, F. A., Q Yasin, G Ahmad, S Shafeeq, T Zaheer, A Malik A (2020). Heavy metal toxicity and it's Physio-Biochemical effects on maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Cell Biotechnology and Molecular Biology 21, 94-102.

Silva, F., Ferreira, S., Duarte, A., Mendonca, D. I., and Domingues, F. C. (2011). Antifungal activity of Coriandrum sativum essential oil, its mode of action against Candida species and potential synergism with amphotericin B. Phytomedicine 19, 42-47.

Singh, S. (2013). Effect of bio-fertilizer azospirillum on growth and yield parameters of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cv. Pant haritima. Vegetable Science 40, 77-79.

Singh, S. (2015). Effect of organic manures on growth, yield and economics of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Journal of Eco-friendly Agriculture 10, 124-127.

Singletary, K. (2016). Coriander: Overview of potential health benefits. Nutrition today 51, 151-161.

Vaidya, V., and Gogte, M. (2000). Ayurvedic Pharmacology & Therapeutic uses of medicinal plants. Swami Prakashananda ayurvedic research center, Mumbai, 656-657.

Zubair, M., Shakir, M., Ali, Q., Rani, N., Fatima, N., Farooq, S., Shafiq, S., Kanwal, N., Ali, F., and Nasir, I. A. (2016). Rhizobacteria and phytoremediation of heavy metals. Environmental Technology Reviews 5, 112-119.




How to Cite

Aftab, A., Haider, M., Ali, Q., & Malik, A. (2021). GENETIC EVALUATION FOR MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF CORIANDRUM SATIVUM GROWN UNDER SALT STRESS. Biological and Clinical Sciences Research Journal, 2021(1).



Original Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 > >>