EVALUATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY FOR SALT TOLERANCE IN WHEAT

Authors

  • L Iqra Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • MS Rashid Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Q Ali Institute of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • I Latif Soil and Water Testing Laboratory, Lahore, Pakistan
  • A Malik Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54112/bcsrj.v2020i1.16

Keywords:

salinity, wheat, NaCl, carotenoid content, genetic advance, broad sense heritability

Abstract

Wheat is an important cereal crop which has been consumed as food crop throughout the globe. Present study discusses change in different morphological traits of six most common wheat varieties in Pakistan under the effect of salt stress. We have used two salt solutions; 10 dS/m NaCl and 15 dS/m NaCl concentrations were used in our research. Data collected during research indicates that all morphological traits decrease under salt treatments except that of two trait viz., root length and carotenoids level. It was noted that under the effect of both salt concentrations carotenoids content increased in significant amount in leaves and roots along with root length which was also increased. The outcomes from analysis of variance demonstrated that there was higher leaf caroteniods for genotype 5 (Ujala-16) that was 998.32 mg/g of fresh leaf weight trailed by genotype 1 (Inqalab-91) 995.99 mg/g of fresh leaf weight) while lower carotenoids were found for genotype 2(Shafaq-06) that was 825.65 mg/g of fresh leaf weight. Highest root weight was found in Shafaq-06 under treatment of 15dS/m NaCl. While pooled all Pairwise comparison test revealed highest root length in genotype 4 (Galaxy-13). While linear regression suggests that carotenoids content contribute least in plant height. Genetic heritability was found highest for photosynthetic pigments i.e. 99.99% for chlorophyll b except that of carotenoids. Genetic advance was recorded higher for fresh stem weight (309.870%). Higher heritability and genetic advance revealed that from our study that the selection of salt stress wheat genotypes on the basis of root length may be help to develop salt stress tolerance wheat genotypes with higher grain yield. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abid, N., Maqbool, A., and Malik, K. A. (2014). Screening commercial wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties for Agrobacterium mediated transformation ability. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51.

Akbar, M., Shakoor, M. S., Hussain, A., and Sarwar, M. (2008). Evaluation of maize 3-way crosses through genetic variability, broad sense heritability, characters association and path analysis. Journal of Agricultural Research (Pakistan).

Ali, F., Ahsan, M., Ali, Q., and Kanwal, N. (2017). Phenotypic stability of Zea mays grain yield and its attributing traits under drought stress. Frontiers in plant science 8, 1397.

Ali, F., Kanwal, N., Ahsan, M., Ali, Q., Bibi, I., and Niazi, N. K. (2015). Multivariate analysis of grain yield and its attributing traits in different maize hybrids grown under heat and drought stress. Scientifica 2015.

Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Ali, F., Ali, A., Kanwal, N., Naseem, Z., Zahid, K. R., Nasir, I. A., and Husnain, T. (2014a). Genetic correlation and hybrid vigor for physiological traits of Zea mays. Nat Sci 12, 50-59.

Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Ali, F., Aslam, M., Khan, N. H., Munzoor, M., Mustafa, H. S. B., and Muhammad, S. (2013). Heritability, heterosis and heterobeltiosis studies for morphological traits of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Advancements in Life sciences 1.

Ali, Q., Ali, A., Ahsan, M., Nasir, I. A., Abbas, H. G., and Ashraf, M. A. (2014b). Line× Tester analysis for morpho-physiological traits of Zea mays L seedlings. Advancements in Life sciences 1, 242-253.

Ali, Q., Ali, A., Awan, M. F., Tariq, M., Ali, S., Samiullah, T. R., Azam, S., Din, S., Ahmad, M., and Sharif, N. (2014c). Combining ability analysis for various physiological, grain yield and quality traits of Zea mays L. Life Sci J 11, 540-551.

Aly, A. A., Maraei, R. W., and Ayadi, S. (2018). Some biochemical changes in two egyptian bread wheat cultivars in response to gamma irradiation and salt stress. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 24, 50-59.

Ben-Abdallah, S., Zorrig, W., Amyot, L., Renaud, J., Hannoufa, A., Lachâal, M., and Karray-Bouraoui, N. (2018). Potential production of polyphenols, carotenoids and glycoalkaloids in Solanum villosum Mill. under salt stress. Biologia, 1-16.

Chander, S., Guo, Y., Yang, X., Zhang, J., Lu, X., Yan, J., Song, T., Rocheford, T., and Li, J. (2008). Using molecular markers to identify two major loci controlling carotenoid contents in maize grain. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 116, 223-233.

Falconer, D., and Mackay, T. (1996). Heritability. Introduction to quantitative genetics, 160-183.

Farooq, J., Khaliq, I., Ali, M. A., Kashif, M., Rehman, A. U., Naveed, M., Ali, Q., Nazeer, W., and Farooq, A. (2011). Inheritance pattern of yield attributes in spring wheat at grain filling stage under different temperature regimes. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5, 1745.

Gao, Y., Lu, Y., Wu, M., Liang, E., Li, Y., Zhang, D., Yin, Z., Ren, X., Dai, Y., and Deng, D. (2016). Ability to remove Na+ and retain K+ correlates with salt tolerance in two maize inbred lines seedlings. Frontiers in plant science 7, 1716.

Gengmao, Z., Yu, H., Xing, S., Shihui, L., Quanmei, S., and Changhai, W. (2015). Salinity stress increases secondary metabolites and enzyme activity in safflower. Industrial crops and products 64, 175-181.

Ghanbari, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S. A. M., and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. (2018). Germination Characteristics and Seed Activity of Enzymes of Different Landraces of Indian Cheese Maker (Withania coagulans) in Response to Sodium Hypochlorite and Pre-chilling. Iranian Journal of Seed Research 5, 119-135.

Haider, S. A., Naqvi, S. R., Akram, T., Umar, G. A., Shahzad, A., Sial, M. R., Khaliq, S., and Kamran, M. (2019). LSTM neural network based forecasting model for wheat production in Pakistan. Agronomy 9, 72.

Hirzel, J., Retamal-Salgado, J., Walter, I., and Matus, I. (2018). Effect of soil cadmium concentration on three Chilean durum wheat cultivars in four environments. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 64, 162-172.

Kodikara, K. A. S., Jayatissa, L. P., Huxham, M., Dahdouh-Guebas, F., and Koedam, N. (2018). The effects of salinity on growth and survival of mangrove seedlings changes with age. Acta Botanica Brasilica 32, 37-46.

Latef, A. A. H. A., Alhmad, M. F. A., and Abdelfattah, K. E. (2017). The possible roles of priming with ZnO nanoparticles in mitigation of salinity stress in lupine (Lupinus termis) plants. Journal of plant growth regulation 36, 60-70.

Leilah, A., and Al-Khateeb, S. (2005). Statistical analysis of wheat yield under drought conditions. Journal of Arid environments 61, 483-496.

Mahmood, A., Ali, Q., Ahmad, S., Bakhsh, A., Mahpara, S., Kamaran, S., Mamoon-Ur-Rashid, M., Salman, S., Waseem, M., and Haider, M. (2019). Genetic potential and association among morpho-physiological traits of petunia inbred lines. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17, 7311-7332.

Masood, S. A., Ahmad, S., Kashif, M., and Ali, Q. (2014a). Correlation analysis for grain and its contributing traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Nat Sci 12, 168-176.

Masood, S. A., Ahmad, S., Kashif, M., and Ali, Q. (2014b). Role of combining ability to develop higher yielding wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes: An overview. Natural Sciences 12, 155-161.

Masood, S. A., Ali, Q., and Abass, H. (2014c). Estimation of general and specific combining ability for grain yield traits in Triticum aestivum. Nat Sci 12, 191-198.

Mohsin, S., Malik, K. A., and Maqbool, A. (2015). Comparison of phytase activity in roots of wheat varieties grown under different phosphorus conditions. Research in Biotechnology 6.

Monteiro, D. R., Melo, H. F. d., Lins, C. M., Dourado, P. R., Santos, H. R., and Souza, E. R. d. (2018). Chlorophyll a fluorescence in saccharine sorghum irrigated with saline water. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 22, 673-678.

Naseem, Z., Masood, S. A., Irshad, S., Annum, N., Bashir, M. K., Anum, R., Qurban, A., Arfan, A., Naila, K., and Nazar, H. (2015). Critical study of gene action and combining ability for varietal development in wheat: An Overview. Life Sci J 12, 104-108.

Oladosu, Y., Rafii, M. Y., Abdullah, N., Hussin, G., Ramli, A., Rahim, H. A., Miah, G., and Usman, M. (2016). Principle and application of plant mutagenesis in crop improvement: a review. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 30, 1-16.

Piñero Zapata, M. C., Porras, M., López-Marín, J., Sánchez-Guerrero, M. C., Medrano, E., Lorenzo, P., and Del Amor, F. M. (2019). Differential nitrogen nutrition modifies polyamines and the amino-acid profile of sweet pepper under salinity stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 10, 301.

Raza, M. A., Ahmad, H. M., Akram, Z., and Ali, Q. (2015). Performance evaluation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for physiological and qualitative traits. Life Science Journal 12.

Raza, S., Saleem, M., Khan, I., Jamil, M., Ijaz, M., and Khan, M. (2012). Evaluating the drought stress tolerance efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences 12.

Sallaku, G., Sandén, H., Babaj, I., Kaciu, S., Balliu, A., and Rewald, B. (2019). Specific nutrient absorption rates of transplanted cucumber seedlings are highly related to RGR and influenced by grafting method, AMF inoculation and salinity. Scientia horticulturae 243, 177-188.

Sereshti, H., Poursorkh, Z., Aliakbarzadeh, G., Zarre, S., and Ataolahi, S. (2018). An image analysis of TLC patterns for quality control of saffron based on soil salinity effect: A strategy for data (pre)-processing. Food chemistry 239, 831-839.

Serra, F., Fogliatto, S., Milan, M., De Palo, F., Ferrero, A., and Vidotto, F. (2018). Effect of salinity on germination and growth of Echinochloa crus-galli and Oryza sativa. In "18th European Weed Research Society Symposium" New approaches for smarter weed management"", pp. 198-198. Kmetijski inštitut Slovenije.

Shewry, P. R. (2009). Wheat. Journal of experimental botany 60, 1537-1553.

Singh, G., and Patidar, S. (2018). Microalgae harvesting techniques: A review. Journal of environmental management 217, 499-508.

Vahtmäe, E., Kotta, J., Orav-Kotta, H., Kotta, I., Pärnoja, M., and Kutser, T. (2018). Predicting macroalgal pigments (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll a+ b, carotenoids) in various environmental conditions using high-resolution hyperspectral spectroradiometers. International journal of remote sensing 39, 5716-5738.

Yang, C., Zhao, L., Zhang, H., Yang, Z., Wang, H., Wen, S., Zhang, C., Rustgi, S., von Wettstein, D., and Liu, B. (2014). Evolution of physiological responses to salt stress in hexaploid wheat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, 11882-11887.

Zahra, S. M., Wahid, A., Maqbool, N., and Ibrahim, M. H. (2018). Effect of Thiourea on Physiological Performance of Two Salt Affected Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 1-10.

Zubair, M., Shakir, M., Ali, Q., Rani, N., Fatima, N., Farooq, S., Shafiq, S., Kanwal, N., Ali, F., and Nasir, I. A. (2016). Rhizobacteria and phytoremediation of heavy metals. Environmental Technology Reviews 5, 112-119.

Published

2020-12-12

How to Cite

Iqra, L., Rashid, M., Ali, Q., Latif, I., & Malik, A. (2020). EVALUATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY FOR SALT TOLERANCE IN WHEAT. Biological and Clinical Sciences Research Journal, 2020(1). https://doi.org/10.54112/bcsrj.v2020i1.16

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>