• N Idrees Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • A Siddique Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • A Fateh Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • N Afzal Department of Biotechnology, Virtual University of Pakistan
  • I Ali Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Okara, Pakistan
  • MA Javied Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Q Ali Institute of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • A Malik Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan



Bioluminescence, Luciferase, Luciferin, synthetic biology and imaging


Bioluminescence System has been mostly studied in reporter technology. There are forty different bioluminescent systems occurred in nature while there are only seven of these light emitting systems and their biochemical reactions have been studied however the pathway of only two biochemical systems has been understood yet. Here, we have provided an overview for these bioluminescent systems as a tool for researchers working on bioluminescence for better future applications of bioluminescent.


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How to Cite

Idrees, N., Siddique, A., Fateh, A., Afzal, N., Ali, I., Javied, M., Ali, Q., & Malik, A. (2020). BIOLUMINESCENCE SYSTEMS. Biological and Clinical Sciences Research Journal, 2020(1).



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