A NEWLY APPROVED KABULI CHICKPEA VARIETY “ROHI-CHANA-21”: A BOOST UP IN THE EXISTING YIELD POTENTIAL OF CHICKPEA
Keywords:chickpea, cultivar, kabuli, Rohi-chana-21, drought tolerant
Rohi Chana-21’ is the newly released kabuli chickpea variety with good yield potential and drought tolerance. It was approved in 2021 by Punjab Seed Council for general cultivation in irrigated and rain-fed areas of Southern Punjab. The variety was evolved through a local selection and exploited the pure-line selection method for subsequent stages of variety development at the Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. The variety owes a good average yield potential (>2000 kg ha-1). It takes 80-100 days to 50% flowering and 135-147 days to 90% pod maturity. The seed size is bold, while seeds pod-1 ranged from 01 to 02. It has 100-seed weight of 28-35 g, no of pods plant-1 ranges from 60 to 70, plant height (65-85cm) and grain color is off–white. As for as the quality is concerned, the protein percentage is high enough (23%) with desirable ash (3.73%) and crude fat contents (3.42%). It expresses good yield potential when planted during October by keeping a seed rate of 25-30 kg acre-1 and a fertilizer dose of 90-100-00 NPK kg ha-1. Rohi-Chana-21 was also tested under rainfed and irrigated conditions, which gave encouraging results, exhibiting itself as a drought-tolerant variety. This variety's inclusion will boost chickpea (kabuli) yield potential in farmer’s field in Southern Punjab.
Ahmad, M., L.H. Akhtar, M. Arshad, A.H. Tariq, S.Z. Siddiqi, M. Hussain, A. Rashid, G. Hussain, M. Aslam, M. Safdar and M.M. Akhtar (2005). Development of a high yielding wheat variety "Bahawalpur-97" for southern Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 48: 42-46.
Ahmad, M., L.H. Akhtar, M. Hussain, G. Hussain, A. Rashid, M. Aslam, M. Safdar, M.M. Akhtar and S.Z. Siddiqi (2002). "Bahawalpur-2000": A new wheat variety of new millennium for southern Punjab. Science Technology and Development, 21: 38-43.
Ahmad, H. M., Ahsan, M., Ali, Q., & Javed, I. (2012). Genetic variability, heritability and correlation studies of various quantitative traits of mungbean (Vigna radiate L.) at different radiation levels. International Research Journal of Microbiology, 3(11), 352-362.
Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Ali, F., Aslam, M., Khan, N. H., Munzoor, M., ... & Muhammad, S. (2013). Heritability, heterosis and heterobeltiosis studies for morphological traits of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Advancements in Life sciences, 1(1):52-63.
Ali, Q. and M. Ahsan, (2012). Estimation of genetic variability and correlation analysis for quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.). International Journal of Agro-Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 6(4): 241-249.
Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Kanwal, N., Ali, F., Ali, A., Ahmed, W., ... & Saleem, M. (2016). Screening for drought tolerance: comparison of maize hybrids under water deficit condition. Advancements in Life Sciences, 3(2), 51-58.
Ali, Q., Ali, A., Ahsan, M., Nasir, I. A., Abbas, H. G., & Ashraf, M. A. (2014). Line× Tester analysis for morpho-physiological traits of Zea mays L seedlings. Advancements in Life sciences, 1(4), 242-253.
Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., & Saleem, M. (2010a). Genetic variability and trait association in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1(3), 328-333.
Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Khaliq, I., Elahi, M., Shahbaz, M., Ahmed, W., & Naees, M. (2011a). Estimation of genetic association of yield and quality traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Research Journal Plant Science, 2(6), 166-169.
Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., Tahir, M. H. N., Elahi, M., Farooq, J., Waseem, M., & Sadique, M. (2011b). Genetic variability for grain yield and quality traits in chickpea. International Journal of Agro-Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 5, 201-208.
Ali, Q., Muhammad, A., & Farooq, J. (2010b). Genetic variability and trait association in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes at seedling stage. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1(3), 334-341.
Ali, Q., Elahi, M., Ahsan, M., Tahir, M. H. N., Khaliq, I., Kashif, M., ... & Ejaz, M. (2012). Genetic analysis of Morpho-Physiological and quality traits in chickpea genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.). African Journal of Agriculture Research, 7(23), 3403-3412.
Annicchiarico, P., N. Nazzicari, L. Pecetti and M. Romani. (2018). Genomic Selection for Biomass Yield of Perennial and Annual Legumes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 259-264.
Araújo, S.S., S. Beebe, M. Crespi, B. Delbreil, E.M. González, V. Gruber, I. Lejeune-Henaut, W. Link, M.J. Monteros, E. Prats, I. Rao, V. Vadez and M.C.V. Patto. (2015). Abiotic stress responses in legumes: Strategies used to cope with environmental challenges. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 34(1-3): 237-280.
Atta, B.M., M.A. Haq and T.M. Shah, (2008). Variation and inter-relationships of quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40(2): 637–647.
Babar, M.M., N.-u.-S.S. Zaidi, M.M. Azooz and A.G. Kazi. (2015). Genetic and molecular responses of legumes in a changing environment. Legumes under Environmental Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, p. 199-214
Bakhsh, A., M. Arshad and S.M. Iqbal (2005). Development of chickpea blight resistant variety (Dasht) using combination of bulk population and pedigree breeding method. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 37: 325-335.
Bhardwaj, R., Sandhu, J. S., Kaur, L., Gupta, S., Gaur, P., & Varshney, R. K. (2010). Genetics of Ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea. Euphytica, 171, 337–343.
Boukar, O., Belko, N., Chamarthi, S., Togola, A., Batieno, J., Owusu, E., ... & Fatokun, C. (2019). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata): Genetics, genomics and breeding. Plant Breeding, 138(4), 415-424.
Considine, M.J., K.H.M. Siddique and C.H. Foyer. 2017. Nature‘s pulse power: legumes, food security and climate change. Journal of Experimental Botany, 68(8): 1815-1818.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Pulses—nutritious seeds for a sustainable future. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Accessed June 20, 2019.
Gupta, D., H.C. Sharma, P. Pathania, S. Pande, L. Clements and I. Bala, 2011. Evaluation of cultivated chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) for agromorphological traits and resistance to rust in north western Indian Himalaya. Plant Disease Research, 26 (2):
Iqbal, J., Zafar, S. A., Ashraf, A., & Hassan, A. (2018). Pathogenic variability in chickpea genotypes against chickpea blight. Journal of Agriculture & Basic Sciences, 03 (04).
Islam, W., Qasim, M., Noman, A., Idrees, A., & Wang, L. (2017). Genetic resistance in chickpea against Ascochyta blight: Historical efforts and recent accomplishments. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 27(6), 1941-1957.
Javed, I., Ahsan, M., Ahmad, H. M., & Ali, Q. (2016). Role of mutation breeding to improve Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) yield: An overview. Nature Science, 14(1), 63-77.
Karim, M.F. and Q.A. Fattah, 2004. Yield attributes and yield response of chickpea to nitrogen levels and KNap concentrations. Bangladesh J. Life Sci., 16(1): 147-152.
Khan, O.Z., A. Naseer, M. Shahbaz, S. Akhtar, M. Faisal and K. Mushtaq, 2017. Accessing the factors affecting the yield of chickpea in Thal,Punjab, Pakistan. J. Innov. Bio-Res., 1(1): 46-51.
Megersa, T., Losenge, T., & Chris, O. (2017). The Survey of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) Ascochyta blight (Ascochyta rabiei Pass.) Disease Status in Production Regions of Ethiopia. Plant, 5 (1), 23-30.
Merga, B. and J.H.F. Yildiz (Reviewing editor) 2019. Economic importance of chickpea: Production, value, and world trade, Cogent Food and Agric., 5: 1.
Mushtaq, M.A., M.M. Bajwa and M. Saleem, 2013. Estimation of genetic variability and path analysis of grain yield and its components in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.). Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res., 4(1):1- 4.
Naveed, M. T., Ali, Q., Ahsan, M., & Hussain, B. (2012). Correlation and path coefficient analysis for various quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 6(2), 97-106.
Ojiewo, C., E. Monyo, H. Desmae, O. Boukar, C. Mukankusi-Mugisha, M. Thudi, M.K. Pandey, R.K. Saxena, P.M. Gaur, S.K. Chaturvedi, et al. 2018. Genomics, genetics and breeding of tropical legumes for better livelihoods of smallholder farmers. Plant Breed.
Pakistan Economic Survey 2015-16. Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan.www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters_16 /02_Agriculture.pdf: 08
Qureshi, S.T. 2001. Genotype-environment interaction for quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). M.Phil. Thesis, submitted to Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 135 pp.
Rubiales, D., Fondevilla, S., Chen, W., & Davidson, J. (2018). Editorial: Advances in Ascochyta Research. Front. Plant Sciences. 9, 22.
Rubiales, D., S.S. Araújo, M.C. Vaz Patto, N. Rispail and O. Valdés-López. 2018. Editorial: Advances in legume research. Front. Plant Sci. 9(501).
Saleem, M.I., S.A.H. Shah and L.H. Akhtar (2002). “BR-99”: A new guar cultivar released for general cultivation in Punjab province. Asian J. Plant Sci., 1: 266-268.
Sarwar, G. and M. Ahmad (2003). Development of a new high yielding mungbean variety "AEM96" through induced mutations. SAARC J. Agri., 1: 173-180
Shah, T. M., Imran, M., Atta, B., Shafiq, M. M., Aslam, M., & Hussain, K. (2015). Screening of chickpea advanced lines for sources of resistance against blight and wilt two major diseases of chickpea. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 47(6), 2443-2448.
Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Dickey, 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach. 3rd Edition. McGraw-Hill, p. 666.
Talebi, R. and A. Rokhzadi. 2013. Genetic diversity and interrelationships between agronomic traits in landrace chickpea accessions collected from ‗Kurdistan‘ province, north-west of Iran. Int. J. Agric. Crop Science. 5: 2203-2209
Varshney, R.K., M. Thudi, M.K. Pandey, F. Tardieu, C. Ojiewo, V. Vadez, A.M. Whitbread, K.H.M. Siddique, H.T. Nguyen, P.S. Carberry and D. Bergvinson. 2019. Accelerating genetic gains in legumes for the development of prosperous smallholder agriculture: integrating genomics, phenotyping, systems modelling and agronomy. Journal of Experimental Botany, 69(13): 3293-3312.
Wang, Y., F. Ghouri, M.Q. Shahid, M. Naeem and F.S. Baloch. 2017. The genetic diversity and population structure of wild soybean evaluated by chloroplast and nuclear gene sequences. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 71: 170-178.
Waseem, M., Ali, Q., Ali, A., Samiullah, T. R., Ahmad, S., Baloch, D. M., ... & Bajwa, K. S. (2014). Genetic analysis for various traits of Cicer arietinum under different spacing. Life Sci J, 11(12s), 14-21.
Williams, P.C. and U. Singh, 1987. Nutritious quality and the evaluation of quality in breeding programmes. In: Chickpea (M.C. Saxena and K.B. Singh. Eds.). CAB International, UK. pp: 329-356.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 MF KHAN, MW YOUSAF, LH AKHTAR
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.