EVALUATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY AND HERITABILITY OF WHEAT GENOTYPES UNDER LATE SOWING EFFECTS
Keywords:Triticum aestivum, late sowing, genotypes, biological yield, grain yield
(Triticum aestivum) is staple food for more than half of the world population. In the present study 10 genotypes were sown to check the wheat genotype's genetic variability and under late sowing. Exploration occurred at the Department of Agriculture, BZU, Bahadur sub-Campus, Layyah during 2019-2020. The investigation was spread out in understanding to Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Perceptions on various Traits of wheat Genotype to check the late effect were recorded from 3 plants of every wheat genotype. Information was recorded to evaluate the late sowing effect (Plant Height, Spike Length, No. of Spikelet’s, No. of Tillers, Grain yield per plant and Biological Yield). FSD-83 show great resistance against late sowing and their traits are less affected by late sowing. FSD-83 has high grain yield than other varieties in late sowing. Each trait of FSD-83 resists better against late sowing than different varieties. Extreme yield trait of LY-73 effects by late sowing. Information indicated that late sowing decreases grain production of each wheat Genotype. So, it is recommended that the breeder should sow wheat genotypes an ideal time on 25 October – 15 November. Present discoveries show that each trait of wheat genotype especially grain yield, affects late sowing and decreases grain yield of every wheat genotype, but FSD-83 resist better and shows less effect of late sowing on grain yield.
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