ESTABLISHMENT OF STRATEGY FOR MANGO HOPPER IDIOSCOPUS CLYPEALIS(LETHIERRY) MANAGEMENT AND IMPACT OF WEATHER FACTORS ON ITS POPULATION IN SOUTH PUNJAB PAKISTAN
Keywords:Population dynamics, correlation, regression, weather factors, percent mortality, spray modules
Mango is an important, exportable fruit crop of Pakistan. Pakistan is occupying 6th position on the basis of mango production in almost 90 mango producing countries of the world. The mango hopper Idioscopusclypealis is a most destructive insect pest of mangoes in Pakistan. This pest may cause the economic loss to the mangoes due to due to its abundance and high population in dense traditionally managed mango orchards. Keeping in view the importance of the pest, a study was designed with an objective to determine comparative efficacy of four different insecticidal spray modules for effective control of mango hopper on cultivar SufaidChaunsa in the research orchards of Mango Research Institute, Multan during 2019-2021. Another objective was to determine the population dynamics of mango hopper and the effect of weather factors on the population of mango hopper. The infestation of the pest was examined by observing nymphs and adults in a single panicle/inflorescence (10-inch long) from each cardinal directions of the selected trees visually counted during the flowering season on weekly basis. In module 1, Thiamethoxam (Actara 25 WG) was sprayed after the fruit harvest. In module 2, the insecticide Thiamethoxam (Actara 25WG) was sprayed after the fruit harvest, followed by second spray of Clothianidin (Trunk 20SC) only on tree trunks in the month of December. In module 3, first spray of thiamethoxam was done after fruit harvest, second spray of Clothianidin (Trunk 20SC) only on tree trunks in the month of December and a subsequent third spray of Spinetoram (Delegate 25 WG) was done on mango trees before flowering season in the month of January. The population of mango hopper was significantly lowest in module 3 and higher population of hopper was recorded in control. Population dynamics studies revealed that mango hopper population reached at its peak in 2nd week of April during 2020 and 3rd week of March in 2021. The population of mango hopper was maximum during mango flowering period, while in the later months the population of mango hopper declined. The effect of weather factors on population abundance of mango hopper revealed that significantly positive correlation and regression was observed with relative humidity and wind while negative correlation was observed with increased temperature and rainfall.
Adnan, S., Uddin, M., Alam, M., Islam, M., Kashem, M., Rafii, M., & Latif, M. (2014). Management of mango hopper, Idioscopus clypealis, using chemical insecticides and neem oil. The scientific world journal4,400-414.
Anonymous. 2014. Agricultural statistics of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan Islamabad, Pakistan. Available online at https://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/agriculture-statistics.
Anonymous. 2022. Mango District wise historical data. Directorate of Agriculture, Crop Reporting Service, Government of Punjab, Pakistan. pp. 1-3.
Chaudhari, A., Sridharan, S., & Sundar Singh, S. (2017). Management of mango hopper with newer molecules and biopesticides under ultra high density planting system. Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies5, 454-458.
Godase, S., Bhole, S., Shivpuje, P., & Patil, B. (2004). Assessment of yield loss in mango (Mangifera indica) due to mango hopper (Idioscopus niveosparsus)(Homoptera: Cicadelidae). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences74, 370-372.
Kole, C. 2021. The Mango Genome. Springer., New York. Available at: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-47829-2
Kumari, D. A., Anitha, V., Girwani, A., & Reddy, C. N. (2014). Efficacy of various insecticidal modules against hoppers in mango. International Journal of Plant Protection7, 99-103.
Lebaka, V. R., Wee, Y.-J., Ye, W., & Korivi, M. (2021). Nutritional composition and bioactive compounds in three different parts of mango fruit. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18, 741.
Lizada, C. 1993. Biochemistry of fruit ripening. In: Mango: Springer, USA. pp. 255-271.
Munj, A., Reddy, P., Gundappa, J., & Irulandi, S. (2020). Management of mango hopper using entomopathogens.
Munj, A., Sawant, B., Raut, R., Dheware, R., & Salvi, B. (2018). Evaluation of insecticides for management of mango hopper, Idiscopus niveosparsus Leth. Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies6, 950-952.
Namni, S., Amin, M., Miah, M., Rahman, M., & Suh, S. (2017). Role of weather parameters on seasonal abundance of insects in a mangobased agroforestry in Bangladesh, with particular reference to mango hopper. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research42, 197-205.
Naseer, M. A. u. R., Ashfaq, M., Hassan, S., Adil, S. A., & Ariyawardana, A. (2019). Outlook on the global trade competitiveness of Pakistan’s mandarin industry: An application of revealed symmetric comparative advantage framework. Outlook on Agriculture48, 66-74.
Patel, K., & Kumar, S. (2020). Screening of mango cultivars against important insect-pests of mango.
Pezhman, H., & Radjabi, G. (2002). Study on biology of mango hopper" Idioscopus clypealis Letheirry"(Hom: Cicadellidae) in Hormozgan Province. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology70.
Rahman, M., Jahan, M., Islam, K., & Ahmmed, S. (2018). Biorational Management Of Mango Hopper Idioscopus Clypealis (Leth.) Using A Microbial Pesticide (Beauveria Bassiana) and Some Botanicals. Int. J. Sustain. Agril. Tech14, 01-06.
Rahman, M. S., Rahman, M. A., Mia, M. M., & Jahan, M. (2019). Comparative study on microbial and botanical pesticides as biorational control of mango hopper. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research5, 330-335.
Rahman, S., Gajendra, S., & Singh, V. (2007). Effect of plant density on the population of mango hopper. Progressive Research2.
Rahman, S. M. A. (2007). Mango hopper: Bioecology and management–A review. Agricultural Reviews28, 49-55.
Rajan, S., Srivastav, M., & Rymbai, H. (2021). Genetic Resources in Mango. In The Mango Genome (pp. 45-73). Springer.
Ramachandra, R. (1930). The Mango Hopper Problem in South India. Agric. J. India 25.
Ray, S., Saha, T., & Nithya, C. (2014). Field efficacy of pest management modules against mango hopper, Amritodus atkinsoni (Leth.) on Langra mango in Zone III of Bihar. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 22, 10-13.
Sagar, V., Khurdiya, D., & Balakrishnan, K. (1999). Quality of dehydrated ripe mango slices as affected by packaging material and mode of packaging. Journal of food science and technology (Mysore) 36, 67-70.
Samanta, A., Gosh, A., Hembram, T., Patra, S., & Somchowdhury, A. (2009). Efficacy of insecticides against mango hoppers and fruit yield. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 17, 243-244.
Singh, L. (1960). The Mango. Botany, cultivation, and utilization. The Mango. Botany, cultivation, and utilization.
Srivastava, R., & Tandon, P. (1986). Natural occurrence of two entomogenous fungi pathogenic to mango hopper, Idioscopus clypealis Leth. Indian Journal of plant pathology 4, 121-123.
Srivastava, R. P. (1997). Mango insect pest management. International book distributing Co.
Sushil, K., Raghvani, B., & Bhatt, R. (2005). Bioefficacy of newer insecticides against hopper complex on'Alphonso'mango in humid tropics of South Gujarat. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches 16, 64-66.
Talpur, M. A., & Khuhro, R. D. (2003). Relative population of mango hopper species on different mango varieties. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 6, 183-186.
Tandon, P., Lal, B., & Rao, G. (1983). Prediction of the mango hopper, Idioscopus clypealis Leth. population in relation to physical environmental factors. Entomon 8, 257-261.
Team, R., 2019. RStudio: Integrated Development Environment for R. Boston, MA: RStudio, Inc; 2016. Available at https://www.rstudio.com/products/rstudio/download/
Tharanathan, R., Yashoda, H., & Prabha, T. (2006). Mango (Mangifera indica L.),“The king of fruits”—An overview. Food Reviews International 22, 95-123.
Usman, M., Fatima, B., Khan, M. M., & Chaudhry, M. I. (2003). Mango in Pakistan: A chronological review. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 40, 151-154.
Verghese, A., & Rao, G. (1987). Determination of Relevant Critical Stages for the Management of the Mango Hopper, Jdioscopus Clypealis Lethierry. Indian journal of Horticulture 44, 280-283.
Wickham, H. (2016). Data analysis. In ggplot2 (pp. 189-201). Springer.
Yadav, D., & Singh, S. (2017). Mango: History origin and distribution. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6, 1257-1262.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 A GHAFFAR, AH KHAN, A HAMEED, J IQBAL, M AHMAD, S RAZA, M IMRAN, N MUHAMMD, SAH SHAH, MA RAZA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.