• KS BAIG Soil Fertility Research Institute, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Z ALI Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • IA WARRAICH Institute of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, Kala Shah Kaku, Pakistan
  • SU KHAN Soil and Water Testing Laboratory, Mianwali, Pakistan
  • R KAUSAR Soil and Water Testing Laboratory, Sargodha, Pakistan
  • A KASHAF Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • N GUL Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • OU KHAN Office of Chief Scientist Agri. (Research), Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
  • R NAWAZ Soil Fertility Section, Mianwali, Pakistan
  • HT AHMAD National Cotton Breeding Institute, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan



Sustainable Cotton, Saline Soils, Agricultural Challenges, Innovations, Resilient Varieties, Precision Agriculture, Future Prospects, Environmental Sustainability


This review investigates the dynamic landscape of sustainable cotton cultivation in the challenging terrain of saline soils, exploring the intricate interplay of challenges, innovations, and prospects. Cotton, a vital global commodity, encounters significant impediments in regions where saline soils threaten agricultural productivity. The escalating salinity levels pose multifaceted challenges, impacting crop yield and fiber quality and triggering environmental degradation and economic instability in cotton-dependent regions. The examination of challenges encompasses the detrimental effects of salinity on cotton growth, the far-reaching economic implications, and the limitations of conventional farming practices in saline environments. Innovations, ranging from soil amendment techniques to developing resilient cotton varieties and integrating precision agriculture, emerge as transformative solutions to address these challenges. These innovations not only mitigate the immediate impact of salinity but also contribute to the overall sustainability of cotton farming. Emerging trends in sustainable cotton cultivation, policy considerations, and ongoing research initiatives present promising prospects. Agroecological approaches, advancements in remote sensing technologies, and government support stand out as key elements shaping the trajectory of sustainable cotton agriculture in saline soils. As we navigate this dynamic landscape, the review underscores the importance of a holistic and adaptive approach, offering insights for stakeholders ranging from farmers and policymakers to researchers and industry leaders invested in ensuring the resilience and sustainability of cotton cultivation in saline soils.


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