• K LASHARI Department of Psychiatry, Jinnah Post-Graduation Medical Centre Karachi, Pakistan
  • M KUMARI Department of Psychiatry, Jinnah Post-Graduation Medical Centre Karachi, Pakistan
  • SM SHAHKAR Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Mufti Mehmood Memorial Hospital Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan
  • A FAROOQUI Department of Psychiatry, Jinnah Post-Graduation Medical Centre Karachi, Pakistan
  • . SANGEET Department of Psychiatry, Jinnah Post-Graduation Medical Centre Karachi, Pakistan
  • MS ZAFAR Department of Psychiatry, DHQ Hospital Attock, Punjab, Pakistan



Maternal stress, newborn behavior, maternal depression, and newborn cognition, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression


The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between maternal stress, maternal depression, and newborn behavior/cognition. This cross-sectional study included 60 participants and their newborn babies. Maternal depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), while the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) was used to measure stress levels. The newborn behavior/cognition was measured using the BSID-III Screening Test scores. Data was collected from January 2023 to June 2023. Mothers had an average age of 35.63± 7.22 years, while the newborn infants had an average of 8.61± 3.27 years. Among the newborns, 56.7% were male infants, while 43.3% were female infants. The study determined the characteristics of enrolled patients and their newborn infants. The correlations between BSID-III Screening Test scores and maternal depression, as well as maternal stress, were also presented. The study showed that there was a correlation between cognitive development and maternal depression, with an R-value of 0.19 and an insignificant P-value of 0.14. Similarly, a correlation was found between cognitive development and maternal stress, with an R-value of 0.17 and an insignificant P-value of 0.17. The study concluded that maternal stress during pregnancy can impact newborn behavior, highlighting the importance of addressing maternal stress and depression, not only for the well-being of the mothers but also for fostering healthy newborn behavior and cognitive development.


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